Basic Law Defintion with A letter

Abatement of action

A suit which has been quashed and ended.

Abstract of record

A short, abbreviated form of the case as found in the record.

Abstract of title

A chronological summary of all official records and recorded documents affecting the title to a parcel of real property.

Acceptance

­The taking and receiving of anything in good faith with the intention of retaining it.

Accessory

­A person who assists in the commission of a crime, either before or after the fact.

Accomplice

­1. A partner in a crime. 2. A person who knowingly and voluntarily participates with another in a criminal activity.

Accord

­A satisfaction agreed upon between the parties in a lawsuit which bars subsequent actions on the claim.

Accord and satisfaction

A method of discharging a claim upon agreement by the parties to give and accept something in settlement of the claim.

Accused

­The name for the defendant in a criminal case.

Acquittal

­The legal certification of the innocence of a person who has been charged with a crime, setting the person free from a charge of guilty by a finding of not guilty.

Action in personam

­An action against the person, founded on a personal liability. In contrast to action in rem, an action for the recovery of a specific object, usually an item of personal property such as an automobile.

Action in rem ­ Proceeding

“against the thing” as compared to personal actions (in personam). Usually a proceeding where property is involved.

Accretion

­The increase or accumulation of land by natural causes, as out of a lake or river.

Acknowledgment

­A formal declaration before an authorized official by the person who executed an instrument that it is his free act and deed; the certificate of the official on such instrument attesting that it was so acknowledged.

Acquittal

­A release, absolution, or discharge of an obligation or liability. In criminal law the finding of not guilty.

Action Case

­Cause, suit, or controversy disputed or contested before a court of justice.

Additur

­An increase by a judge in the amount of damages awarded by a jury.

Adjective law

­Also, procedural law. That body of law which governs the process of protecting the rights under substantive law.

Adjudication

­Giving or pronouncing a judgment or decree. Also the judgment given.

Administrative agencies

­Agencies created by the legislative branch of government to administer laws pertaining to specific areas such as taxes, transportation, and labor.

Administrator

­1. One who administers the estate of a person who dies without a will. 2. A court official.

Admiralty law

­Also, maritime law. That body of law relating to ships, shipping, marine commerce and navigation, transportation of persons or property by sea, etc.

Admissible evidence

­Evidence that can be legally and properly introduced in a civil or criminal trial.

Admission

­A statement tending to establish the guilt or liability of the person making the statement.

Admonish­

To advise or caution. For example the court may caution or admonish counsel for wrong practices.

Advance sheets

­Paperback pamphlets published by law book publishers weekly or monthly which contain reporter cases, including correct volume number and page number. When there are sufficient cases, they are replaced by a bound volume.

Adversary proceeding

­One having opposing parties such as a plaintiff and a defendant. Individual lawsuit(s) brought within a bankruptcy proceeding.

Adversary system

­The system of trial practice in the United States and some other countries in which each of the opposing, or adversary, parties has the opportunity to present and establish opposing contentions before the court.

Adverse possession

­Method of acquiring real property under certain conditions by possession for a statutory period.

Affiant

­The person who makes and subscribes an affidavit.

Affidavit

­A voluntary, written, or printed declaration of facts, confirmed by oath of the party making it before a person with authority to administer the oath.

Affirmation

­A solemn and formal declaration that an affidavit is true. This is substituted for an oath in certain cases.

Affirmative defense

­A defense raised in a responsive pleading (answer) relating a new matter as a defense to the complaint; affirmative defenses might include contributory negligence or estopped in civil actions; in criminal cases insanity, duress, or self­ defense might be used.

Affirmed

­In the practice of appellate courts, the word means that the decision of the trial court is correct.

Aggravated assault

­An attempt to cause serious bodily injury to another or purposely, knowingly or recklessly causing such injury, or an attempt to cause or purposely or knowingly cause bodily injury to another with a deadly weapon.

Aggravated battery

­The unlawful use of force against another with unusual or serious consequences such as the use of a dangerous weapon.

Agent

­One who has authority to act for another.

Agreement

­Mutual consent.

Aid and Abet

To actively, knowingly, or intentionally assist another person in the commission or attempted commission of a crime.

Alibi

­A defense claim that the accused was somewhere else at the time a crime was committed.

Alien

­A foreign­ born person who has not qualified as a citizen of the country.

Allegation

­A statement of the issues in a written document (a pleading) which a person is prepared to prove in court.

Alteration

­Changing or making different.

Alternative dispute resolution

­Settling a dispute without a full, formal trial. Methods include mediation, conciliation, arbitration, and settlement, among others.

American Bar Association

­A national association of lawyers whose primary purpose is improvement of lawyers and the administration of justice.

American Law Reports

­A publication which reports cases from all United States jurisdictions by subject matter.

Abatement of action

A suit which has been quashed and ended.

Amicus curiae

A friend of the court; a nonparty who interposes, with the permission of the court, and volunteers information upon some matter before the court.

Ancillary

A proceeding which is auxiliary or subordinate to another proceeding. In probate, a proceeding in a state where a decedent owned property but was not domiciled.

Annotations

Remarks, notes, case summaries, or commentaries following statutes which describe interpretations of the statute.

Answer

A formal, written statement by the defendant in a lawsuit which answers each allegation contained in the complaint.

Answers to Interrogatories

A formal written statement by a party to a lawsuit which answers each question or interrogatory propounded by the other party. These answers must be acknowledged before a notary public or other person authorized to take acknowledgments.

Antitrust acts

Federal and state statutes to protect trade and commerce from unlawful restraints, price discriminations, price fixing, and monopolies.

Appeal

A proceeding brought to a higher court to review a lower court decision.

Appeal Bond

A guaranty by the appealing party insuring that court costs will be paid.

Appearance

The act of coming into court as a party to a suit either in person or through an attorney.

Appendix

Supplementary materials added to the end of a document.

Appellant

The party appealing a decision or judgment.

Appellate court ¬

A court having jurisdiction to hear appeals and review a trial court’s procedure.

Appellee

The party against whom an appeal is taken.

Arbitration

The hearing of a dispute by an impartial third person or persons (chosen by the parties), whose award the parties agree to accept.

Arbitrator

A private, disinterested person chosen by the parties in arbitration to hear evidence concerning the dispute and to make an award based on the evidence.

Arraignment

The hearing at which the accused is brought before the court to plead to the criminal charge in the indictment. He may plead “guilty,” “not guilty,” or where permitted “nolo contendere.”

Arrest

To take into custody by legal authority.

Assault

Threat to inflict injury with an apparent ability to do so. Also, any intentional display of force that would give the victim reason to fear or expect immediate bodily harm.

Assignment

The transfer to another person of any property, real or personal.

Assumption of risk

A doctrine under which a person may not recover for an injury received when he has voluntarily exposed himself to a known danger.

At issue

The time in a lawsuit when the complaining party has stated their claim and the other side has responded with a denial and the matter is ready to be tried.

Attachment

Taking a person’s property to satisfy a court¬ordered debt.

Attempt

An endeavor or effort to do an act or accomplish a crime, carries beyond preparation, but lacking execution.

Attorney at law

An advocate, counsel, or official agent employed in preparing, managing, and trying cases in the courts.

Attorney in fact

A private person (who is not necessarily a lawyer) authorized by another to act in his or her place, either for some particular purpose, as to do a specific act, or for the transaction of business in general, not of legal character. This authority is conferred by an instrument in writing, called a “letter of attorney,” or more commonly “power of attorney.”

Attorney of record

The principal attorney in a lawsuit, who signs all formal documents relating to the suit. .lawdefn h4 { margin-bottom: 0px; margin-top: 8px; font-size: 15px; }

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Papoo Parmar

I am so simple and Like to do any special in my life in short way.

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