A crime punishable by death.
A list of cases scheduled for hearing in court.
Calling the docket
The public calling of the docket or list of causes at commencement of term of court, for setting a time for trial or entering orders.
Canons of ethics
Standards of ethical conduct for attorneys.
Having legal authority or mental ability. Being of sound mind.
Heading or introductory party of a pleading.
Law established by previous decisions of appellate courts, particularly the United States Supreme Court.
General term for an action, cause, suit, or controversy, at law or in equity; questions contested before a court of justice.
A lawsuit, litigation, or action. Any question, civil or criminal, litigated or contested before a court of justice.
Cause of action
The fact or facts which give a person a right to relief in court.
A warning; a note of caution.
Cease and desist order
An order of an administrative agency or court prohibiting a person or business from continuing a particular course of conduct.
An official reprimand or condemnation of an attorney.
Certificate of Title
Document issued by Registrar of Titles for real estate registered under the Torrens System, which is considered conclusive evidence of the present ownership and state of the title to the property described therein.
1. Written attestation. 2. Authorized declaration verifying that an instrument is a true and correct copy of the original.
A writ of review issued by a higher court to a lower court. A means of getting an appellate court to review a lower court’s decision. If an appellate court grants a writ of certiorari, it agrees to take the appeal. (Sometimes
referred to as “granting cert.”)
An objection, such as when an attorney objects at a hearing to the seating of a particular person on a civil or criminal jury.
Challenge for cause
A request from a party to a judge that a certain prospective juror not be allowed to be a member of a jury because of specified causes or reasons.
A judge’s private office. A hearing in chambers takes place in the judge’s office outside of the presence of the jury and the public.
Change of venue
Moving a lawsuit or criminal trial to another place for trial.
The testimony of witnesses who know the general character and reputation of a person in the community in which he or she lives. It may be considered by the jury in a dual respect:
(1) as substantive evidence upon the theory that a person of good character and reputation is less likely to commit a crime than one who does not have a good character and reputation, and
(2) as corroborative evidence in support of a witness’s testimony as bearing upon credibility.
Charge to the jury
The judge’s instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
Presiding or administrative judge in a court.
An article of personal property.
Offspring of parentage; progeny.
Arranged in the order in which events happened; according to date.
All evidence except eyewitness testimony. One example is physical evidence, such as fingerprints, from which an inference can be drawn.
A writ or order issued by a court commanding the person named therein to appear at the time and place named; also the written reference to legal authorities, precedents, reported cases, etc., in briefs or other legal documents.