Theory of the separation of powers

Theory of the separation of powers
Since the ancient day of Aristotle, political writers have recognized the threefold distribution of governmental functions or powers. They are 
(1). The law making or legislature power.   
(2). The law-enforcing or executive power.  
(3). The law adjudicating or judicial power. Each power is exercised by its own department or organ of government.

Montesquieu theory
Montesquieu explained his theory in this word: “in every government there are three sorts of power: Legislative, Executive and judicial. The liberty of individual required that neither all these powers nor any two of them should be placed in the hands of one men or one body of men. 
(1). When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person or body , there can be no liberty, because apprehensions may arise that the king, who is also law maker, might  make and enforce the laws in a tyrannical manner. 
(2). If the judicial power is joined with the legislative , the life and liberty of the subject will be exposed to arbitrary control, for the judge would then be the legislator. 
(3). Where the judicial power joined to the executive power, the judge might behave violence and oppression. 
(4). There would be an end of everything if the same man or the same body, whether of the nobles or of the people, were to exercise those three powers, that of enacting laws, that of enforcing them and of trying the cases of individuals 


Published by

Papoo Parmar

I am so simple and Like to do any special in my life in short way.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s