What is the annual budget statement and discuss its procedure?

Annual budget statement

The federal government shall in respect of every financial year, cause to be laid before the National Assembly a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the federal Government for that year, in this part referred to as the annual budget statement. The annual shall show separately.
The sums required to meet expenditure described by the constitution as expenditure charged upon the federal consolidated fund and
the sums required to meet other expenditure proposed to be made from the federal consolidated fund,and shall distinguished expenditure on revenue account from other expenditure. (Art. 80)

Producer relating to annual budget statement

So much of the annual budget statement as relates to expenditure charged upon the federal consolidated fund may be discussed in, but shall not be submitted to the vote, of the National Assembly. So much of the annual budget statement as relates o other expenditure shall be submitted to the national assembly in the forms of demands for grants, and the assembly shall have power to assent to, or to refuse to assent to, any demand, or to assent to any demand subject to a reduction of the amount specified therein. For a period of ten year from the commencing day or the holding of the second general election to the national assembly whichever occurs later, a demand shall be deemed to have been assented to without any reduction of the amount specified therein, unless, by the votes of a majority of the total membership of assembly, its refused or assent to subject to a reduction of the amount specified therein. No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the federal government. (Art. 82)


In what financial matters the prior approval of the federal government is required, before introducing such bill in the national assembly?

A money bill

A money bill, or a bill or amendment which if enacted and brought into operation would involve expenditure from the federal consolidated fund or withdrawal from the public account of the federation or effect the coinage or currency of Pakistan or the constitution or function of the state bank of Pakistan shall not be introduced or moved in parliament except by or with the consent of the federal government. (Art. 74).

What is federal consolidated fund and Public Account?

Federal consolidated fund

All revenue receipts received by the federal government, all loans raised by that Government, and all money received by it in repayment of any loan, shall form part of a consolidated fund, to be known as the federal consolidated fund.

Public account

All other money then those mentioned in the list of consolidated fund.

  • received by or on behalf of the Federal Government or.
  • received by or deposited with the Supreme court or any other court established under the authority of the federation.

Shall be credited to the public account of the federation. (Art. 78).

Write a note on the summoning and prorogation of Parliament?

The president may from time to time summon either House or both houses of Parliament in joint sitting to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit and may also prorogue the same.
There shall be at least three session of national assembly every year, and not more than one hundred and twenty days shall intervene between the last sittings of the Assembly in one session at the date appointed for its first sitting in the next session. The National Assembly shall meet for not lass than one hundred and thirty working days in each year. (Art. 54)

What right to security of person is provided in the constitution?

Article 09 of the constitution declares that no person shall be deprived of life or liberty saves in accordance with law. This right is the most important of all fundamental rights. It is the basis of the “Rule of Law”.
It declares that a person cannot be deprived of his life or liberty except “In accordance with law”. No person can be arrested, detained, or put under restraint except when a law authoresses such arrest or restriction. It prevents arbitrary interference by the executive with the liberty of individual. If so arrested, he can move the court for a writ of habeas corpus. This right is available to all persons, whether citizen or not.
The first out of twenty rights conceded by the constitution relates to person’s life and liberty. This Article state that life and liberty of all the person in Pakistan shall be sacred and shall not be taken away except in accordance with law authorizing violation of such right under circumstances declared by such law to be appropriate for the purpose.