Definition of Jurisprudence
In the words of Austin Jurisprudence is concerned with positive law i.e. “positivism” which means that laws are commands. The second- meaning is that the, law as “it is” actually laid down has to be kept separate from the law that “ought to be”.
He divided it into two branches:
- General and
- Particular Jurisprudence
General jurisprudence relates with the subjects of law as are common to all systems of law. This field of law is a wider one. Particular jurisprudence is confined only to study of any actual system of law, it talks about it special or particular system of law. In both essence is the same but they differ from each other in their scope.
Salmond define Jurisprudence as “the science of law”, here law stands for law of land. In this sense it has three kinds i.e.
- Systematic jurisprudence. Existing actual legal system in past or in present.
- Legal History. Process of, historical development.
- Legislation. To set forth law, as it ought to be.
Jurisprudence is the science of legal principles and philosophy of law, which indicates the entire system of legal doctrine. In short it is the study of the structure of legal system. While jurist means a legal scholar, one who is versed in law.