Judicial review T
he authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of government. Also, the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches.
The branch of government invested with judicial power to interpret and apply the law; the court system; the body of judges; then bench.
Certificate of person and officer before whom a writing is sworn to.
The power or authority of a court to hear and try a case; the geographic area in which a court has power or the types of cases it has power to hear.
The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
A certain number of men and women selected according to law and sworn to try a question of fact or indict a person for public offense.
Issues and claims capable of being properly examined in court.
Key number system
A research aid developed by West Publishing Company which classifies digests of cases in to various law topics and subtopics which are given paragraph numbers called “Key Numbers.” Each key number for a given topic helps the researcher quickly find all references to the legal matter being researched.
The unlawful and carrying away of a human being by force and against his will.
With knowledge, willfully or intentionally with respect to a material element of an offense.
A gift made in a will to a person who has died prior to the willmakers death.
Obtaining property by fraud or deceit.
The combination of those rules and principles of conduct promulgated by legislative authority, derived from court decisions and established by local custom.
A printed legal form available for preparing documents.
In the United States, usually a law school student employed by a law firm to do research and other tasks. In the courts, a lawyer (or law school student) employed to do legal research.
An action or proceeding in a civil court; term used for a suit or action between two private parties in a court of law.
A question that suggests the answer desired of the witness. A party generally may not ask one’s own witness leading questions. Leading questions may be asked only of hostile witnesses and on crossexamination.
Professional legal services available usually to persons or organizations unable to afford such services.
A formal paper that is legally valid; something issuing from the court, usually a command such as a writ or mandate.
Books that cover specific areas of the law, usually dealing with a single topic.
The act of giving or enacting laws; the power to make laws via legislation in contrast to courtmade laws.
That which is legal, lawful, recognized by law or according to law.
Recommendation for a sentence less than the maximum allowed.
Letters of Administration
Legal document issued by a court that shows an administrator’s legal right to take control of assets in the deceased person’s name.
Legal document issued by a court that shows an executor’s legal right to take control of assets in the deceased person’s name.
Published defamation which tends to injure a person’s reputation.
State agencies created to regulate the issuance of licenses, i.e., to contractors, cosmetologists, realtors, etc.
An encumbrance or legal burden upon property.
Refers to courts that are limited in the types of criminal and civil cases they may hear. For example, traffic violations generally are heard by limited jurisdiction courts.
A pending suit.
A party to a lawsuit.
A lawsuit; a legal action, including all proceedings therein.
A trust set up and in effect during the lifetime of the grantor. (Also called inter vivos trust.)
Looseleaf replacement pages provided by a publisher in areas of the law where changes occur at a rapid rate.
Judicial officer exercising some of the functions of a judge. It also refers in a general way to a judge.
The commission of an unlawful act.
An action instituted with intention of injuring the defendant and without probable cause, and which terminates in favor of the person prosecuted.
Any professional misconduct.
A writ by which a court commands the performance of a particular act.
The unlawful killing of another without intent to kill; either voluntary (upon a sudden impulse); or involuntary (during the commission of an unlawful act not ordinarily expected to result in great bodily harm).
The executive officer of the federal court.
MartindaleHubbell Lawyer Directory
A publication of several volumes which contains names, addresses, specialties, and rating of United States lawyers; also includes digests of state and foreign statutory law.
Evidence which is relevant to the issues in a case.
A form of alternative dispute resolution in which the parties bring their dispute to a neutral third party, who helps them agree on a settlement.
An informal note or instrument embodying something the parties desire to have in written evidence.
Literally in Latin, “guilty mind.” The intent required to commit the crime. It is a prerequisite to conviction for a crime involving a moral wrong, but it is not a prerequisite to conviction for an act that is a crime only because a statute designates it to be a crime, e.g., overtime parking.
The absorption of one thing or right into another.